An introduction to the issue of cerebral palsy

Mild cerebral palsy

It is part of the upper motor neuron syndrome characterized by hyperreflexia, clonus, extensor plantar responses and primitive reflexes. Registration information can be updated at any time. This workshop will provide information on the different types of CP and the challenges these may present for the child. Spastic Ataxic Diplegia is a common mixed type that often is associated with hydrocephalus. Ataxia is associated with cerebellar lesions. You can read all about Cerebral Palsy and find some helpful resources on our Cerebral Palsy page. Mixed Cerebral Palsy Many people will have a mix of types. Ataxia can also affect speech and language. Fifty per cent of children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy have diplegia. Diplegia Bilateral With diplegia, the lower extremities are severely involved and the arms are mildly involved. Here the definition and classification used as agreed in Europe. It is usually caused by an injury to the brain before, during or after birth, but there may be no obvious single reason. There have been many attempts to develop a reliable, repeatable and valid classification system for children with Cerebral Palsy. Provide you with interventions and strategies to support individuals with Cerebral Palsy to enhance their participation in their daily activities at home, school and within the community.

It is usually caused by an injury to the brain before, during or after birth, but there may be no obvious single reason.

Sensorineural hearing dysfunction also impairs communication. How can I contact the organiser with any questions? This includes transferring tickets to an alternate name.

cerebral palsy introduction pdf

In the UK, Cerebral Palsy affects about 1 in every children. This may affect speech and language. You can read all about Cerebral Palsy and find some helpful resources on our Cerebral Palsy page.

types of cerebral palsy

The Surveillance of Cerebral Palsy in Europe was established in However Rosenbaum et al. Spastic Cerebral Palsy is the most common form of Cerebral Palsy. Dyskinetic CP Abnormal movements that occur when the child initiates movement are named Dyskinesias.

Cerebral palsy slideshare

Children who can walk have a wide-based gait and a mild intention tremor Dysmetria. Anatomical Classifications Anatomical classification are as follows: Unilateral: One side of the body is affected Bilateral: Both sides of the body are affected Spastic Cerebral Palsy: are used to distinguish between quadriplegia, diplegia and hemiplegia. Sensorineural hearing dysfunction also impairs communication. Ataxia is associated with cerebellar lesions. As the muscle tone is so tight, spasticity can be very painful with muscles often going into spasm. Mixed Cerebral Palsy Many people will have a mix of types. This affects balance and spatial awareness. Intelligence usually is normal, and epilepsy is less common. Ataxia can affect the whole body. Twenty percent of children with spastic Cerebral Palsy have hemiplegia. This workshop will provide information on the different types of CP and the challenges these may present for the child. Dyskinetic CP causes uncontrolled, involuntary, sustained or intermittent muscle contractions. It is part of the upper motor neuron syndrome characterized by hyperreflexia, clonus, extensor plantar responses and primitive reflexes.

Classification of Cerebral Palsy The practice of classification categorizes those presentations together with similar characteristics and distinguishes those cases with diverse features apart or separate. Diplegia is becoming more common as more low- birth-weight babies survive.

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Introduction to Cerebral Palsy (CP)