Bibliographic essay within a book
In some academic disciplines, footnotes and endnotes are not only used for references, but also to contain elaborations or explanations of points made in the main text.
Bibliographical review example
Look at the ways in which your sources use references in their own work, and for further guidance consult the companion guide Avoiding Plagiarism. Seminal works should be identified as such; particular journal articles should be included only if they are essential to the topic. It should be more focused on recent work and should say more but not too much more on those works. Keep It Short A bibliographic essay assignment typically requests you to summarize six or more sources in under six pages, including your comparison of different sources. Further reading More detailed discussion of referencing conventions is to be found in the following publications: Berry, R. Need Help? Sheppard's article: To synthesize Dr. Citing your source within the text As the name suggests, the citation in the text normally includes the name s surname only of the author s and the date of the publication. If the idea or information that you wish to cite has been told to you personally, perhaps in a discussion with a lecturer or a tutor, it is normal to reference the point as shown in the example below. Knapper, C. Referencing your work allows the reader: to distinguish your own ideas and findings from those you have drawn from the work of others; to follow up in more detail the ideas or facts that you have referred to.
Referencing web pages The internet is increasingly used as a source of information and it is just as important to reference internet sources as it is to reference printed sources.
The introduction should then briefly describe the organization of the essay and explain the reason for that organization.
Function statement bibliographic essay
The introduction should then briefly describe the organization of the essay and explain the reason for that organization. Reference materials—bibliographies, dictionaries, etc. London: Longman. If the idea or information that you wish to cite has been told to you personally, perhaps in a discussion with a lecturer or a tutor, it is normal to reference the point as shown in the example below. Even if your sources do not provide you with the depth of information you are looking for in the subject, they may reference other scholarly works that do focus specifically on that topic. In some academic disciplines, footnotes and endnotes are not only used for references, but also to contain elaborations or explanations of points made in the main text. Do not list titles without commentary. Below is the link to Dr. Keep It Short A bibliographic essay assignment typically requests you to summarize six or more sources in under six pages, including your comparison of different sources. Study guide For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here This brief study guide aims to help you to understand why you should include references to the information sources that you use to underpin your writing. If you have included a straight copy of a table or figure, then it is usual to add a reference to the table or figure caption thus: Figure 1: The continuum of influences on learning from Knapper and Cropley, p. A second hint is that there should be some sort of on-going discussion among historians about the topic, meaning that something comes out almost every year. The text reference above indicates to the reader that the point being made draws on a work by Lyon, published in Watson, G.
To decide which books you will treat in your essay, look at tables of contents and indexes, read introductions, skim sections of each book. Knapper and Cropley p.
How to reference using footnotes or endnotes Some academic disciplines prefer to use footnotes notes at the foot of the page or endnotes notes at the end of the work to reference their writing. The length of your essay for this assignment should be somewhere between 4 and 6 pages in length and should refer to or discuss at least 6 secondary sources.
How to write a bibliography
Look at the ways in which your sources use references in their own work, and for further guidance consult the companion guide Avoiding Plagiarism. London: Croom Helm. The bibliographic essay should say a lot about the historiography of a topic, but not too much about the specific works it surveys. When referencing web pages it is helpful to include details that will help other people check or follow up the information. Sheppard's article: To synthesize Dr. In this example, the footnote refers the reader to the full reference to be found in footnote 2. The only rule governing formatting is the rule of consistency. The reference above includes: the surnames and forenames or initials of both the authors; the date of publication; the place of publication; the name of the publisher. It should be more focused on recent work and should say more but not too much more on those works. The text should be prepared in MS Word with minimal to no formatting Word templates should not be used.
The title of the book should be formatted to distinguish it from the other details; in the example above it is italicised, but it could be in bold, underlined or in inverted commas. A bibliographic essay thus draws a picture of the literature of a topic, and in so doing, unlike a list and like an essay, it tends to take a position and establish an interpretive point of view.
If the same source needs to be referred to several times, on second or subsequent occasions, a shortened reference may be used.
Bibliographic essay example mla
You can produce a bibliographical essay on virtually any topic you or I could imagine. Rather than listing and describing resources, the author should evaluate each of the titles in a way that proves its worth to the body of literature about the topic and, thus, why it is in the essay. Each department will have its own preferred format, and every journal or book editor has a set of 'house rules'. A bibliographic essay is written to summarize and compare a number of sources on a single topic. With such questions in mind, how, at a practical level, do you go about gathering sources to read? Seeking Sources Since your essay is primarily focused on summarizing a list of sources, you should ensure that you are using credible scholarly sources before you begin writing. Reference materials—bibliographies, dictionaries, etc. But this is not a hard rule. You should not use articles taken from encyclopedias since they do not provide the depth of information you need on the subject. Once you have understood the principles common to all referencing systems you should be able to apply the specific rules set by your own department. Content Essays are not introductions to a topic, but rather informative discussions of important literature on a topic.
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