The feature of aids and its treatment

prevention and treatment of aids

It entirely lines the vagina and provides protection against both pregnancy and STIs, including HIV, when used correctly in each act of intercourse. Infections associated with severe immunodeficiency are known as "opportunistic infections", because they take advantage of a weakened immune system.

what is aids

Histoplasmosis — This infection almost always involves the lungs, although other organs may be affected. If you use a needle to inject drugs, make sure it's sterile and don't share it.

last stages of aids-pictures

And be aware: when you are in the early stage of infection, you are at very high risk of transmitting HIV to others. In addition, 1 in 3 people living with HIV present to care with advanced disease, at low CD4 counts and at high risk of serious illness and death.

Treatment of aids

American hospitals and blood banks now screen the blood supply for HIV antibodies, so this risk is very small. The strategic directions are: Information for focused action know your epidemic and response. What are antiretroviral drugs? Nearly all people infected with HIV through blood transfusions received those transfusions before , the year HIV testing began for all donated blood. In addition, routine blood tests measuring CD4 counts and HIV viral load a blood test that measures how much virus is in the blood should be taken every three to four months. Remain faithful in a relationship with an uninfected equally faithful partner with no other risk behaviour. The virus attacks the immune system and leaves the body vulnerable to a variety of life-threatening illnesses and cancers.

What is AIDS? WHO recommends PEP use for both occupational and non-occupational exposures and for adults and children.

Prevention of aids

If inhaled, these particles may transmit the condition. Persistent white spots or unusual lesions on your tongue or in your mouth Persistent, unexplained fatigue Skin rashes or bumps When to see a doctor If you think you may have been infected with HIV or are at risk of contracting the virus, see a health care provider as soon as possible. Transmission of the virus occurs: Through sexual contact -- including oral, vaginal, and anal sex. Delivering for equity covering the populations in need of services. However, more efforts are needed to scale up treatment, particularly for children and adolescents. To help prevent the spread of HIV: Use a new condom every time you have sex. Use a new condom every time you have anal or vaginal sex. Female-to-male transmission of the virus is much less likely than male-to-female transmission. It can affect the entire body, but most commonly occurs in the mouth thrush or vagina. Although AIDS doesn't appear to infect the nerve cells, it can cause neurological symptoms such as confusion, forgetfulness, depression, anxiety and difficulty walking. Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy PML — Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy is a rare disorder of the nervous system caused by a common human polyomavirus, JC virus. Expanding access to treatment is at the heart of a set of targets for which aim to bring the world on track to end the AIDS epidemic by If you are HIV-negative, there are prevention options like pre-exposure prophylaxis PrEP that can help you stay negative. The bacteria that cause this infection is found in water, dust, soil and bird droppings.

Without HIV treatment, people can stay in this stage for 10 or 15 years, but some move through this stage faster.

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AIDS Signs and Symptoms